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SUPER MOON

VIVAnews -- Sabtu malam, 19 Maret 2011 sebuah fenomena astronomi unik terlihat di langit, lunar perigee atau disebut juga supermoon. Saat itu, Bulan berada dalam jarak terdekatnya dengan Bumi dalam kurun waktu sekali dalam setiap 18 tahun.

Jarak Bulan hanya sekitar 221.567 mil atau 356.578 kilometer dari induknya. Di Indonesia, supermoon mencapai puncak pada Minggu 20 Maret 2011 dini hari pukul 02.10 Waktu Indonesia Barat.

Pada ahli menyebut supermoon sebagai fenomena biasa dan reguler dalam astronomi. Namun, sejumlah penganut teori konspirasi menghubung-hubungkannya dengan pertanda bencana.

Misalnya, astrolog, Richard Nolle yang mengklaim supermoon akan memicu gempa bumi, gunung meletus, dan badai besar. Beberapa fakta dijadikan penguat teori itu, seperti tsunami Aceh 2004 yang merenggut lebih dari 200 ribu nyawa terjadi dua minggu sebelum supermoon 2005. Juga bahwa gempa 9,0 skala Richter dan tsunami Jepang pada Jumat 11 Maret 2011, yang hanya delapan hari sebelum supermoon 2011.

Namun, teori ini dibantah Badan Antariksa Amerika Serikat, NASA. Ilmuwan Goddard Space Flight Center NASA, Jim Garvin menjelaskan, efek bulan terhadap bumi telah lama menjadi subyek studi. Tak ada kaitan antara supermoon dengan bencana.

"Efek supermoon terhadap Bumi kecil. Dan menurut studi detil para seismolog dan vulkanolog, kombinasi antara supermoon dan bulan purnama tidak mempengaruhi energi internal keseimbangan di bumi." Meski bulan berkaitan dengan kondisi pasang surut Bumi, itu tidak mampu memicu gempa besar dan mematikan."

Sementara, Astronom Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional (LAPAN), Thomas Djamaluddin mengingatkan masyarakat untuk tidak menghubungkan lunar perigee dengan bencana. "Ini adalah fenomena astronomi biasa, Bulan berada dalam jarak lebih dekat dengan Bumi."

Apapun itu, supermoon berkaitan dengan bencana atau tidak, fenomena ini cukup memesona siapapun yang beruntung menyaksikannya. Bulan nampak lebih besar dan oranye, sinarnya pun lebih terang daripada malam-malam biasa.

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WORLD CUP 2010

FIFA World Cup 2010 is the nineteenth edition of the FIFA World Cup, which will be held in South Africa, June 11 until July 11, 2010. This edition is the first edition of the World Cup held on the African continent, which make the tournament held on the continent of Africa which is the CAF region, thus leaving OFC as one - the only confederation that has never hosted the FIFA World Cup. Opening match and final match will be held at Soccer City Stadium, the largest city in South Africa, Johannesburg.
There are two of the theme song for this edition, namely K'naan song titled Wavin 'flags and songs Shakira feat. Freshlyground titled Waka Waka (This Time for Africa

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WORLD CUP SOCCER HISTORY

World Cup soccer championship is not the first international. Amateur football becomes part of the Olympic program for the first time in 1908. In the year 1909 in Turin hosted a soccer tournament named Sir Thomas Lipton Cup. Italy, Germany, and Switzerland sent their most prestigious clubs to the tournament but the English Football Association (FA) rejected the offer to participate in the championship.
The idea gave birth to the world soccer championship in 1904 in Paris blaze when the first Congress of Fédération Internationale de Football Association. In 1928, results of operations of FIFA and president of the French football association (FFFA), Jules Rimet and Henri Delaunay colleague, participant of the congress in Amsterdam decided to implement these ideas. A year later, FIFA officially named to prepare a World Cup championship which will take place every four years. At the congress of FIFA 17 to 18 May 1929 Barcelona, Spain, Uruguay received support from 23 participants of the congress to host the first World Cup ambitions aside Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden. This championship trophy known as the Jules Rimet Cup.
Jules Rimet Cup was made by French artists, Abel La Fleur, octagonal-shaped berlambangkan held by the god of the earth which is called the Nike Victory (ancient Greek god). This trophy is made of gold, weighing 3.8 kg and height 35 cm.
So the first FIFA World Cup was held in Uruguay and lasted from 13 to 30 July 1930. 13 countries participated - six from South America, five from Europe and two from North America. Uruguay beat Argentina 4-2 in front of 93 000 spectators in Montevideo and at once became the first country to win the cup.
During World War II, this championship suspended for over 12 years, starting back in 1950 in Brazil. Jules Rimet Cup was stolen while on display at Stampex Exhibition in Westminster Central Hall, London menjelangnya World Cup 1966 in England, but he found seven days later by a dog named Pickles.
In 1970 in Mexico, Brazil FIFA has decided to keep Jules Rimet Cup for being the first country to win as many as three times, 1958, 1962 and 1970.
Parent body FIFA later create a new world cup with 18 karat gold, 36 cm high and weighing 4.97 kg and designed by renowned Italian artist Silvio Gazzaniaga and use that now. FIFA set the only state leaders and the World Cup winners are allowed to touch the cup. Gold-coated replica trophy will be awarded for dsimpan by the winner.World Cup 2006 Campaign
Argentina, Germany (two times such as West Germany), and Brazil have each won the second trophy twice. Even so, the cup which is currently still not be "retired" until the name plaque has been full filled with the names of winners of the state, which will occur in 2038.
Brazil is clearly the most successful team in World Cup after a five-time overall champion and twice came in second place while Italy is below the four-time champion and twice in the second. Germany, a three-time champion and finished second four times, is the third most successful team. Argentina and Uruguay respectively twice became World Champion Uruguay despite victory occurred during the long, in the early years of the championship.
The last World Cup held in Germany has been going on in the year 2006. As shown below, the implementation of 2010 will be held in South Africa.

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Education Hero Biographies

Ki Hajar Dewantara Born in Yogyakarta on May 2 with the name Raden Mas 1889.Terlahir Soewardi Soeryaningrat. He is originally from Yogyakarta royal family environment. Raden Mas Soewardi Soeryaningrat, when an even 40 years old according to a count of the Year Çaka, renamed Dewantara Ki Hadjar. Since then, he no longer uses knighted in front of his name. This is intended so that he could freely close to the people, both physically and heart.
The trip marked his life really struggle and devotion for the sake of their nation. He graduated from elementary schools in the ELS (Elementary School Holland) could then continue to STOVIA (Bumiputera medical school), but not until the end because of illness. Later he worked as a journalist at several newspapers, among others Sedyotomo, Midden Java, De Express, Indian ambassadors, Kaoem Moeda, the light Timoer and Poesara. In his time, he considered the author reliable. His writings were very communicative, sharp and so able to evoke the spirit of patriotic anti-colonial to the readers.

Besides tenacious as a young reporter, he was also active in social and political organization. In 1908, he was active in the propaganda section Boedi Oetomo to socialize and arouse public awareness of Indonesia at that time about the importance of unity and integrity of the state and nation.

After age kemedekaan, Ki beat Dewantara has served as Minister of Education, Teaching and Culture of the first. Ki Hadjar Dewantara name not only immortalized as a character and hero of education (the father of National Education), which dated May 2 made his birth day of National Education, but also defined as a Hero of National Movement through Presidential Decree No.305 Year 1959, dated 28 November 1959 . Other awards he received the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Gajah Mada in 1957.
Two years after receiving the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa was, he died on April 28, 1959 in Yogyakarta and is buried there.
Then by the successor of the Taman Siswa school, founded Dewantara Kirti Griya Museum, Yogyakarta, to preserve the values of Ki Hadjar Dewantara fighting spirit. In this museum there are objects, or the works as the founder of Ki Hadjar Tamansiswa and playing their role in national life. Museum collections of writings or concepts and important treatises and data correspondence Ki Hadjar lifetime as a journalist, educator, humanist and as an artist has been recorded on microfilm and laminated on the National Archives Agency assistance.
This nation needs to inherit the fruit of his thinking about educational goals are to promote the nation as a whole without distinction of religion, ethnicity, tribe, culture, customs, habits, economic status, social status, etc., and must be based on the values of a fundamental freedom.
Birthday, is commemorated as National Education Day. The famous doctrine is tut wuri handayani (behind giving encouragement), intermediate Mangun ing wills (in the middle to create opportunities for initiative), ngarsa sungtulada ing (in front of an example).

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10 best-selling 2010 Movies

The new year 2010 has come where in 2009 and Hollywood movies still seems to be too strong for conquered. This is in because the ten best-selling movies of last year still comes from the land of Uncle Sam. Hollywood's dominance is difficult to beat, although in India there has a record of Bollywood films ever, but seemed to quality, very Hollywood movies dominate the world. Here we sort the best-selling films throughout 2009, we collected from various sources. 


1. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

Warner Bros. Pictures film production it's not strange to be selling the film. Besides having the basic loyal audience, this movie has become a phenomenon in its inaugural appearance in 2001. This year, a film directed by David Yates, the total profit $ 934,559,990 worldwide. 


 






2. Ice Age Dawn of the Dinosaurs
Who would have thought an animated film by Carlos Saldanha could rake in profits reached $ 883,718,521. The film produced by 20th Century Fox is not only an animated movie that managed to get a big advantage this year.
 








3. Transformers Revenge of the Fallen
The film, starring sexy actress Megan Fox was shot in the third. With total profits reached $ 834,969,807, a film was made since the previous prequel was a great success. And the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie as a distributor of this plan will be releasing all three films in the year 2011. 


4. 2012

With profits reached $ 734,249,842 Roland Emmerich film was successfully shook the world with a look of incredible special effects. Although he became a controversy in the homeland, yet not discourage interest in our community to watch the film produced by Columbia Pictures this.
 



5. Up
This is the second animated film that made it into the top-10. Film production of Disney and Pixar collaboration was successfully reap benefits $ 683,004,164. Pete's film medical doctor and Bob Peterson was also in the pack in the form 3 D.
 








6. The Twilight Saga: New Moon
The film adaptation of Stephanie Mayer's novel had a chance to make a scene in the country. In addition to young players with good-looking face, this film also has a loyal audience basic called Twilighter. Total profits in the production of a film by Summit Entertainment scooped up $ 662,430,961 of this
 




7. Avatar
James Cameron is an expert to make a quality film. After Titanic became the biggest-selling movie of all time. Avatar is a fantastic work of this Canadian film director. until now the benefits of this movie has reached $ 623,575,721 and still growing, considering the film is still aired all over the world. 





 


8. Angels and Demonds
Ron Howard's film was successfully achieved total sales reached $ 485,930,816 movie produced by Columbia Pictures stars veteran actor Tom Hanks. This film is an adaptation of the bestselling book by Dan Brown, who had previously raced through prekuelnya, Da Vinci Code. 

 






9. The Hangover
Sutrdara under the direction of Todd Phillips's The Hangover shot in sequence nine on our list. Total film produced by Warner Bros. this profit to $ 459,422,869 .





 






10. Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian

After the success of the previous prequel, re-create 20th Century Fox film starring the actor is still in the hilarious Ben Stiller. The film is back in besut by Shawn Levy won a total gain in the entire world with the amount of $ 412,685,061

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Seven World Wonders of the year 2010

 One hundred million more people agree that this place is worthy of the seventh title of "Wonders of the World":
1. The Pyramid at Chichen Itza (before 800 AD) Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Chichen Itza, is the shrine of the most famous Mayan tribe, which is used by the Mayans at the time as the center of political and economic activities. Variations of the building which are as varied as the pyramid Kukulkan, the Temple of Chac Mool, the Hall with thousands of giant pillars still visible today. Pyramid is said to be a pyramid last and greatest of all Mayan temples tribe.

 

 
 

2. Christ Redeemer (1931) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Jesus statue is about 38 meters tall, stood on top of Corcovado mountain overlooking Rio de Janeiro. Designed by Heitor da Silva Costa a Brazilian, and created by French sculptor Paul Landowski. This is one of the most famous monuments in the world. This statue took five years to build and was inaugurated on October 12, 1931. This statue has become a symbol of the city and the warmth of the Brazilian people, who receive visitors with open arms.

 

 
3. The Roman Colosseum (70-82 A.D.) Rome, Italy
This giant arena in the middle of downtown Rome, was built to celebrate the glory of the Roman Empire. The design concept is still used today, and virtually every modern sports stadium some 2,000 years later still follow the design stage. Today, through films and history books, we are even more aware of the cruel fights and games that took place in this arena, all that just to delight the audience.

 

 
 

4. The Taj Mahal (1630 A.D.) Agra, India

A vast tomb was built on the orders of Shah Jahan, the fifth Muslim Mogul emperor, to commemorate his beloved wife. Made of white marble and surrounded by beautiful gardens. Taj Mahal is considered as the jewel of Muslim art in India's most perfect. Emperor himself allegedly imprisoned and ultimately could only see the Taj Mahal from the little window in his cell.

 

  


5. The Great Wall of China (220 BC and 1368-1644 AD) China

China Great Wall was built to connect the existing forts into a single entity defense system and make it easier to continue to attack the Mongol tribes out of China's. This is the largest man-made that ever existed, this monument has been built and is still a debate that this monument is the only monument visible from outer space. Many thousands of people died to build this colossal construction.

 

 
 


6. Petra (9 B.C. - 40 A.D.), Jordan's

At the edge of the Arabian Desert, Petra was the capital of Nabataean kingdom with its king is the Aretas IV (9 BC to 40 AD). Very high water technology, available on the Nabataeans, the city was built with great tunnel constructions and water troughs giant. In this building there is a theater, the Greek-Roman model that has room for 4000 spectators. Today, the Palace Tomb of Petra, with tinggai 42 meters are examples of Middle Eastern culture is amazing.


 

 
7. Machu Picchu (1460-1470), Peru

In the 15th century, the Inca emperor Pachacútec build a city in the clouds on the mountain known as Machu Picchu ("old mountain"). This remarkable building is situated in the middle of the Andes Plateau, deep in the Amazon jungle and above the Urubamba River. The building was probably abandoned by the Incas because of outbreaks of smallpox and, after the Spanish conquered the Inca Empire, the city remained 'lost' for over three centuries. Rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911.

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The Story of the Five Pandavas

Five Pandava is a character that can not be separated from the story of Mahabharata, Five Pandava is because the central figure along with Kurawa.

The battle between the Pandavas Kurawa Lima with a still have a civil relationship, for defending the rights of the Five Pandavas throne of the Kingdom of the Hastinapur mastered by the Kurawa (King Suyudhana with his brothers which amounted to one hundred).

Although the Five Pandavas and Kurawa sit under the same teacher that Resi Drona (Druna) and Resi Kripa, but the hostility between them can not be extinguished to be harmonious, become even more-so.

Five Pandava always acted superior in skill of arms and act on the activity of Kurawa. Puntadewa or Yudhisthira always superior in the field of literature and public institutions, Bima excel in the field of play mace weapons, Harjuna excel in the field of archery and swords were not caused Nakula and Sahadev not participate because it is still too little studied.

Five is the designation of five Pandava brothers, the sons of Pandu Dewanata Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sadewa.

By her name Puntadewa Yudhisthira, Bhima Sena by her name, and Arjuna with his given name was born from mothers Permadi Dewi Kunti was Nakula by her name and Sadewa Punten by her name Tangsen Madrim born from mothers.

Pandu was the king of Hastinapur Dewanata, but died young, and his children are still small so that is not possible to hold the reins of government, to fill vacancies Hastinapur government, then lifted a blind Destaratra, brother Pandu Dewanata for temporary positions Hastinapura throne, later if Pandu sons have grown up, will be handed over to the Pandavas Hastinapur Lima, the son of Pandu who have the right to the throne as Shah Hastinapura.

Way of life and grip the lives of Pandu's son who became known as the Five Pandava, can not be removed from the clown-servants Semar and his children are none other than the incarnation of the god Ismaya who always gives advice and guidance and counsel to the son of Pandu.

The names of the parents or the designation of men are always included in naming his sons, such as the Five Pandavas are descendants of Pandu Pan. Kurawa is a descendant of Kuru, Draupadi is Drupada descent, was a descendant of King Mandra Madrim ff.

Yudhisthira in the puppet is a symbol or emblem of the holy figure, has no sin and likened the white blood without the slightest stain.

Bima in pewayang is a symbol of firmness and fairness and honesty in upholding the law, indiscriminately, whoever is wrong should be punished even if that brother or son. Bima always kept his word, big tall and sturdy.

Raden Harjuna is the emblem or symbol of a handsome and shapely figure, but many children have many wives but they all get along.

Wayang stories contain a lot of the teachings of a spirituality meaningful philosophy of high ritual, words that form the noble civilization nobility, and manners / noble deeds Indonesian nation.

Wayang world has a very large share in shaping the character and heart Luhur Budi Mulia Indonesian nation admired by other nations in this world.

Watch a puppet show which takes a long time it already contains the education, where viewers are educated to be patient in facing the realities of life, and diligent accept / wait for the science or the discourse of high spiritual significance through the mastermind.

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